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Make Your Own Expanding And Contracting Content Panels

It is better to call expanding panel instead of calling Expanding and Contracting model.

Here is some approach of animated open and close with own benefit and trade off.


There are three types of approach like-

  • Animate/transition of the content

  • Transformation is complete with the element.

  • A library should use with variation.

Considerations Of Each Approach

Basic Steps

  • Collapsing height of the content

  • The content should be moved when the height is collapsed

  • The content should be removed when Javascript fires it.

Markup Pattern

It can be look like

<div class="container">
 <button type="button" class="trigger">Show/Hide content</button>
 <div class="content">
 All the content here

Basic Logic

  • Always measure the height of the content

  • Height should be calculated in CSS Custom Property.

Approach manifested code-

// Get the containing element

const container = document.querySelector(".container");

// Get conten

const content = document.querySelector(".content");

// 1. Get height of content you want to show/hide

const heightOfContent = content.getBoundingClientRect().height

// Get the trigger element

const btn = document.querySelector(".trigger"); 

// 2. Set a CSS custom property with the height of content

container.style.setProperty("--containerHeight", `${heightOfContent}px`);

// Once height is read and set

setTimeout(e => {

// 3. Set aria hidden

 content.setAttribute("aria-hidden", "true");
}, 0); 
btn.addEventListener("click", function(e) {
 container.setAttribute("data-drawer-showing", container.getAttribute("data-drawer-showing") === "true" ? "false" : "true");

// 4. Set height to value of custom property

.content[aria-hidden="false"] {
 max-height: var(--containerHeight, 1000px);

// 5. Toggle aria-hidden

 content.setAttribute("aria-hidden", content.getAttribute("aria-hidden") === "true" ? "false" : "true");

The CSS is looked like-

.content {
 transition: max-height 0.2s;
 overflow: hidden;
.content[aria-hidden="true"] {
 max-height: 0;

Points Of Note

  • Multiple drawer need to loop different size.

  • Set time out is needed to before hiding the container.

  • Only fire the wrap only whwn the page is ready.

All together it is looked like-

var containers;
function initDrawers() {
 // Get the containing elements
 containers = document.querySelectorAll(".container");
 window.addEventListener("resize", setHeights);
window.addEventListener("load", initDrawers);
function setHeights() {
 containers.forEach(container => {
 // Get content
 let content = container.querySelector(".content");
 // Height of content to show/hide
 let heightOfContent = content.getBoundingClientRect().height;
 // Set a CSS custom property with the height of content
 container.style.setProperty("--containerHeight", `${heightOfContent}px`);
 // Once height is read and set
 setTimeout(e => {
 content.setAttribute("aria-hidden", "true");
 }, 0);
function wireUpTriggers() {
 containers.forEach(container => {
 // Get each trigger element
 let btn = container.querySelector(".trigger");
 // Get content
 let content = container.querySelector(".content");
 btn.addEventListener("click", () => {
 btn.setAttribute("aria-expanded", btn.getAttribute("aria-expanded") === "false" ? "true" : "false");
 container.getAttribute("data-drawer-showing") === "true" ? "false" : "true"
 content.getAttribute("aria-hidden") === "true" ? "false" : "true"

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